1. After the assassination of President James Garfield, Chester A. Arthur succeeded as the 21st president of the United States from 1881 to 1885. Born to a Baptist preacher, Chester Arthur took office in 1881 and kept it till 1885.

2. Putting politics before his education, Chester A. Arthur became an associate of the Republican Party boss and US Senator Roscoe Conkling after the Civil War. With Conkling`s support he operated as collector of New York Customs House and supported Conkling`s politics.

3. He was given the opportunity to be on the Republican ticket alongside James Garfield who was the presidential nominee as a payback from Conkling for outing Chester from office by President Rutherford B. Hayes when he reformed the patronage system.

4. Chester A. Arthur became the president of the country just after 6 months when President James Garfield was assassinated. He was a staunch advocate of the middle-class people and indebted farmers and suggested to lower tariff rates for them.

5. He put people above politics and in 1882 he vetoed a pork-barrel project known as the Rivers and Harbor Act to make a statement that federal surpluses should go to tax relief rather than the expenses of the government.

6. He placed himself above party politics and became the champion of social service reforms. In 1883, he signed into the law of Pendleton Act establishing a bipartisan Civil Service Commission. He even remodeled the White House to turn it into a show place.

7. Chester A. Arthur was not nominated by his party for a second term and soon he realized that he was suffering from Bright`s disease. In 1885 he returned to practicing law in New York and died in 1886.