Rutherford Birchard Hayes became the 19th President of the United States (1877–81) after he won a very tough and controversial presidential election. He brought about the end of any rebuilding efforts made by the Reconstruction.
He was born on October 4, 1822 in Delaware, Ohio. His father was Rutherford Hayes, Jr. and mother was Sophia Birchard. His father had died about ten weeks before Rutherford’s birth. He earned a law degree from Harvard University and took an active part in the newly formed Republican Party. He was appointed twice as the city solicitor by the Cincinnati City Council.
He signed to fight for the Union after the American Civil War broke out in 1861 and became major in the 23rd Ohio Regiment. He was soon promoted to the position of brevet brigadier general after the war.
During his military services he was nominated by the Republican Party in Cincinnati for Congress in 1864 which he accepted after the war ended. He became member in the U.S House of Representatives after winning the election.
He was again elected for his congressional seat in 1866 which he resigned in 1867 and later on became the governor on Ohio twice which was concluded in 1872. Hayes was re-elected as the governor in 1875.
Hayes was nominated from presidency and won in 1876 after a controversial presidential election. As his initial step he halted the Reconstruction and made federal dollars available for improvisation in the South which sparked debate among his party members.
Hayes did not run for a second term and returned home with his family. He served as a trustee for three universities and also became the first president of board of the John F. Slater Education Fund for Freedmen in 1882. He died on 17th January in 1893 from a heart attack at his home.
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