We become not a melting pot but a beautiful mosaic. Different people, different beliefs, different yearnings, different hopes, different dreams.” – Jimmy Carter

 

1. James Earl Carter Jr. was the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was in the United States Navy from 1941, during world war II and gave up his military career in 1953 to save his families peanut farm after his father died. During his 1976 presidential campaign he rated at 12th in the early polls. He used his image as an outsider to work in his favour and managed to defeat Gerald Ford in the general election.

2. Jimmy Carter was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. When his father, James Earl Carter, Sr. died, he inherited very little, Carter, his wife and three children lived in public housing, making him the only president to have lived like this.

3. When leaving the United States Navy, his role as a parent led to him serving on an education board which later got him involved in local politics. Carters political career was hurt in Georgia due to his support of civil rights. Because of this reaction, he had to change his image and adopted a more centrist stance.

4. Carter was the Governor of Georgia between 1971 and 1975 and shocked a lot of his followers when he stated in his inaugural speech that “the time for racial segregation was over.” He placed a portrait of Martin Luther King Jr in the capital building which led to the Ku Klux Klan picketing the unveiling ceremony.

5. Jimmy Carter received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his work with the Carter Center which he established and resolves worldwide conflicts. The center has also had great breakthroughs with eradicating diseases. The Guinea worm disease which is a parasite and affected millions has been dwindled down to just a few cases.

6. Post presidency Carter has also established a company called Habitat for Humanity which builds homes for the poor, wrote several books which range from his own views to novels and poetry. In 2002 Carter visited Cuba for three days in attempt to fix U.S. and Cuban relations. This pre-dates Obama’s plan to fix the same issue. In 2011 he paid Cuba another visit and spent time with the Cuban President Raul Castro.

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