1) James Madison Jr. was the 4th President of United States served from 1809 to 1817. He was known as the “Father of the Constitution” for his vital role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

2) James Madison was born on March 16, 1751 at Belle Grove Plantation near Port Conway, Virginia. His father was James Madison, Sr. and mother was Nelly Conway Madison. Dolley Payne Todd Madison was the wife of James Madison.

3) Madison did his graduation from Princeton University in 1771. His studies included Latin, Greek, science, geography, mathematics, rhetoric, and philosophy. Later he studied law for his interest in public policy rather than the aim to practice law.

4) In 1789, Madison became a leader in the new House of Representatives, drafting many general laws. He is noted for drafting the first ten amendments to the Constitution, and thus is known also as the “Father of the Bill of Rights”. He worked closely with President George Washington to organize the new federal government.

5) In 1792, Madison and Thomas Jefferson founded the Democratic-Republican Party, which has been called America’s first opposition political party. When Jefferson became the third U.S. president, Madison served as his secretary of state.

6) Madison campaigned for the Embargo Act of 1807, which prohibited American vessels from traveling to foreign ports and halted exports from the United States. Hugely unpopular, this measure proved to be an economic disaster for American merchants.

7) Madison died on June 28, 1836, at Montpelier estate, at the age of 85. As a President, Madison’s biggest crisis was The War of 1812 raged between America and Britain.The British attack on Washington, D.C. was a major setback during the War. During the War of 1812, the original White House was destroyed by British Troops. Madison’s wife Dolly was famous for saving important government papers and a portrait of George Washington before the White House burned down

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