1. Served as the 15th President of the United States (1857–61), James Buchanan took office in 1857 by the time which the country was at the brink of a Civil War landing him among the least popular presidents` list. He was born on April 23, 1791, in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania. He was born on April 23, 1791, in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania. His father was James Buchanan Sr. , a merchant and his mother was Elizabeth Speer Buchanan. Buchanan is the only U.S. president who never married.

2. His political career was rich as he was elected 5 times to the House of Representatives, acted as a minister to Russia, served for over a decade in the Senate and acted under Polk as Secretary of State.

3. During his tenure as the minister to Britain, Buchanan helped draft the Ostend Manifesto in 1854 which would enable America to acquire Cuba from Spain but the bill was never acted upon but caused sparks in the anti-slavery territories.

4. Serving as a minister to Britain under President Pierce`s administration earned him an edge among his peers and he soon became a Democratic nomination for presidency in 1856. His inefficient handling of the slavery issue caused him his popularity.

5. After joining office, Buchanan tried to maintain peace between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters but his mishandling only increased the tension as he was seen by many as a firm sympathizer and supporter of the southerners.

6. Buchanan`s agendas were suppressed even more when he supported Lecompton Constitution which would make Kansas a slave state which was later turned down. This sown a bitter seed between the Congress and the President which later only intensified.

7. He did not seek reelection in 1860 but by the time he left office the attack of Confederate forces in South California marked the beginning of the Civil War. He retired to Wheatland while he thoroughly supported Lincoln`s policies. He died on June 1, 1868, at age 77.

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