Sworn in as the 20th president of the United States, James Abram Garfield took office in March 1881 but unfortunately died in the September of the same making his tenure the second-shortest in US Presidential history.
He was a self-made man whose campaign targeted the abolishment of political corruption. He developed an affinity for politics when he started as a college president and was later elected to the Ohio State Senate in 1859 as a Republican.
Garfield became part of the Civil War when he was commissioned as lieutenant colonel in 1861 in the Union Army. He was later promoted to the post of brigadier general in 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh.
Garfield`s political career flourished when he won a seat in the Congress in 1862 as a representative of Ohio`s 19th Congressional District. He served nine terms in the US House of Representatives before being nominated for Presidency.
After serving in the House, Garfield was finally nominated as the dark horse candidate of the Republican Party in 1880. Ultimately he won the presidential election against Democratic opponent General Winfield Scott Hancock by fewer than 10,000 votes.
His tenure was filled with many challenges but he managed to set some milestones which include initiating reform of the Post Office Department and asserting the superiority of the office of the president to the US Senate on executive appointments.
He pledged to commit himself to the cause of civil rights but his impact lay wasted as he was assassinated by the bullet of Charles Guiteau when he was traveling to attend a reunion at Williams College.
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