1) Herbert Clark Hoover  was the 31st President of United States from 1929 to 1933 during the time of Great Depression. He was born on 10th August in 1874, in West Branch, Iowa. When Hoover was six years old, his father, Jesse Clark Hoover  died.

2) Due to his experience in geology, Hoover found work in the mining industry and became a geologist and mining engineer in the Western Australian goldfields. He was involved in the expansion for the Sons of Gwalia gold mine and brought in Italian immigrants to lower the cost of labour.

3) While working in China with his wife, Hoover was trapped in Tianjin in 1900 for a month due to the boxer rebellion. As the settlement was under attack for a month, Hoover helped the United States Marines around Tianjin and provided information about the local terrain.

4) During World War I Hoover organised the return of 120,000 Americans. Hoover assisted the Commission of Relief in Belgium.  He provided food to nine million war victims and met with German officials approximately forty times to convince them to allow food shipments.

5) In 1917, he became the head of the United States Food Administration, created under the Lever Food Act 1917 to provide the Nation’s food needs during World War I.

6) In 1919, Herbert Hoover established the Hoover War Collection. This later became the Hoover War Library and is now known as the Hoover Institution.  Hoover provided documents and other materials related to the war.

7) Several months after taking office as the President the Stock Market Crash of 1929 hit and caused the Great Depression. Hoover tried his best to fix the issue but the depression would last for almost a decade. Due to the Great Depression, Hoover raised the tax rates on the wealthy in order to avoid a budget deficit. Hoover died on October 20, 1964 at the age of 90 in his New York City.

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