1) John Calvin Coolidge Jr. was the 30th President of the United States from 1923 to 1929. He was born on July 4, 1872 in a village of Plymouth Notch, Windsor County, Vermont. He was the only U.S. president who was born on Independence Day.  He had the Nickname  “Silent Cal” for his quiet nature.

2) Coolidge became a Lawyer in Northampton, Massachusetts by becoming an apprentice at Hammond & Field. In 1897, he joined the bar and had his own practice in 1899 which practiced country law.

3) In 1898, he became one of the three people elected to the City Council, the following year he became the City Solicitor for two years. After returning to practice law he was then elected to take the place of clerk of courts.

4) Coolidge became the mayor of Northampton in 1910. During his time as mayor he created a slight tax increase, increased teacher salaries and got rid of some of the city’s debt.

5) In 1912, Coolidge was the State Senator, while in this role he became chairman of a committee that dealt with the ‘Bread and Roses’ strike. He fought for two months and convinced the American Woolen Company to agree to the workers’ demands.

6) Coolidge was the Governor of Massachusetts during the Boston Police strike in 1919. When the Boston Police Department went on strike, crimes and riots ensued for several days.  Coolidge called in the national guard to resolve the situation and publicly fired the police officers that had participated in the strike claiming that leaving the city was unforgivable.  This was seen as an act of heroism.

7) Calvin Coolidge became Vice-President in 1920 and was the first Vice-President to be involved in cabinet meetings. Also he was responsible for the Kellogg-Briand Pact which had the United Kingdom, Japan, United States of America, Germany, France and Italy renouncing war.  Sadly, this didn’t work as was apparent during World War II. He died on January 5, 1933, in Northampton, Massachusetts.

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