The Taj Mahal is one of the most visited places in interest in India. It is situated on the South Bank of River Yamuna in Agra, India. Here are some interesting facts about the mausoleum.
It was Built by Shah Janan
Taj Mahal was commissioned in 1631 during the reign of the Mughal emperor, Shah Janan. Shah Janan was the grandson of Akbar the Great and known as one of the competent Emperors after Akbar the Great. Taj Mahal was completed in 1653 after an initial opening in 1643.
Built out of Love
The Taj Mahal was built out of the love Shah Janan had for his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal. According to history, Mumtaz died while giving birth to her 14th child. To show his grief and express the great love for his wife, Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of Mumtaz.
The Cost and Labour
Taj Mahal was built at an estimated cost of 32 million rupees. The amount translates to 52.8 billion rupees ($827 million) as at 2015. Aside from the huge cost, the construction employed as many as 20,000 artisans. It was built with ivory-white marbles.
The Location and Edifices
Taj Mahal is built on a 17-hectare or 42 acres of land. The tomb of Mumtaz Mahal is cited at the centre of the mausoleum. Other edifices located there is a mosque and guesthouse to accommodate visitors.
The tomb is the centre of attraction of the whole mausoleum. It was constructed with white marbles, which stands on a square plinth. It also has an iwan converging from two symmetrical buildings. The main chamber of the tomb contains the false coffins of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.
The Taj Mahal is considered as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. The UNESCO adopted it as a World Heritage Site in 1983. It is regarded as a jewel of Muslim arts in India and highly admired worldwide.
It Can Change Colours
One special aspect of Taj Mahal is its ability to respond to the colours of the day. The mausoleum can change colours by reflections due to the white marble and ceramic tiles used for the construction. It appears shining white at day and gold in the night when the moon falls on it.