“Be less curious about people and more curious about ideas.”

Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the first person in history to win the Nobel prize twice. In 1903 Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in Physics along with her husband and Henri Becquerel, for their work on radioactivity and in 1911 Marie received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discovery of radium and polonium.

Full Name : Marie Skłodowska Curie

Born : November 7, 1867 in Maria Salomea Skłodowska, Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (was part of Russian Empire)

Died : July 4, 1934 at the age of 66 in Sallanches, France

Nationality :

By birth Poland

By marriage France

Father : Władysław Skłodowski

Mother : Bronisława Skłodowska

Spouse : Pierre Curie (Winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903)

Children : Irène Joliot-Curie (winner of Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935), Ève Curie

Fields : Nuclear Physics, Chemistry

Discovered : Radium, Polonium, Radioactivity

Awards :

Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903

Davy Medal in 1903

Matteucci Medal in 1904

Elliott Cresson Medal in 1909

Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911

Willard Gibbs Award in 1921

John Scott Medal in 1921

Benjamin Franklin Medal in 1921

7 Interesting Facts About Marie Curie :

DISCOVERED BY CURIES POLONIUM WAS NAMED AFTER MARIE’S BIRTHPLACE

Born Sklodowska, Marie never forgot about her Polish origin and always used both of her last names. Even polonium, the radioactive element discovered by her and her husband, was named in honour of Marie’s birthplace.

MARIE AND PIERRE CURIE WERE NOT ONLY SPOUSES, BUT SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATORS

In 1894, Marie met Pierre Curie for the first time. There was a joke that she became ‘his biggest discovery’. But it was barely a joke: they had a lot in common and, what’s the most important, shared the incredible passion for science. So, they found in each other not only lovers, but the reliable scientific partners.

GREAT RESEARCH ON RADIOACTIVITY

In 1903, Marie shared her first Nobel prize with her husband and Henri Becquerel for the research on radioactivity. In 1911, she was awarded with one more Nobel prize for the discovery of radium and polonium. Moreover, she was the first to use the very word ‘radioactive’.

THE FIRST FEMALE NOBEL LAUREATE

Marie Curie wasn’t just the first female Nobel laureate, she also became the first person received the Nobel prize in two different fields and the first person with two Nobel prizes. Of course, there were some outstanding people after her who won this award twice, but she is still the only woman among them.

MARIE’S SUCCESS AS A SCIENTIST WAS PREDICTED LONG TIME BEFORE IT

Marie was brilliant at school and way back then she already knew that science is her cup of tea. Once she was seen in her cousin’s chemical lab by the outstanding russian chemist Mendeleev and was told not to give up science.

THE LEADING SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATIONS BEAR MARIE’S NAME

Marie established two Curie Institutes, in Paris and Warsaw. Up to this day, these institutes remain the leading scientific organizations which conduct the medical and biological research.

THE RADIOACTIVE ELEMENT AND THREE MINERALS ARE NAMED AFTER CURIES

In honour of great family of scientist, one of the chemical elements was given the name ‘curium’. But if in this case it’s not clear whether we should thank Marie or Pierre, the minerals ‘sklodowskite’ and ‘cuprosklodowskite’ are named definitely after her.

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