“The present is theirs; the future, for which I really worked, is mine.”
Born : July 10, 1856 in Smiljan, Croatia
Died : January 7, 1943 (aged 86) in New York, U.S.
Citizenship : Austrian and American
Father : Milutin Tesla
Mother : Đuka Tesla
Famous Inventions : Rotating Magenetic Field, Tesla Coil, AC Motor, The Magnifying Transmitter, Induction Motor etc.
Awards : John Scott Lagacy Medal and Premium(1934), IEEE Edison Medal(1916) and Elliott Cresson Medal(1894)
7 Things You Didn’t Know About Nikola Tesla :
Nikola Tesla is called one of the 20th century’s most important inventors for his contribution in the field of electricity. Tesla is the creator of “Tesla coil” which is used in radio technology.
Was supposed to be a priest
Nikola’s father was a priest and wanted the same future for his son. Nikola wasn’t interesting in this perspective but didn’t want to disappoint his parents. Suddenly he got infected with cholera and promised his father to get better if he would allow him to study engineering.
Was addicted to gambling
On his 3rd course of the university he was caught up with gambling, lost a lot of money, but then won it back. He described his addiction as a desire to achieve the goal. It must be said that Nikola was always eccentric, compulsive and very impractical when it came to money.
Confronted Thomas Edison
In 1880s Nikola Tesla worked in Thomas Edison’s company. Tesla and company’s founder weren’t on the same page. Edison didn’t approve most of his ideas, and finally, Tesla quit. Ironically, in 1917 Tesla became the recipient of the Edison Medal, the highest award of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers.
Patented the rotating magnetic field
Studying at the university, Nikola first got acquainted with dynamo, the mechanism which could operate as a generator and electric motor. This led him to the discovery of the rotating magnetic field and the designing his first induction motor.
Invented the Tesla Coil
Inspired by Heinrich Hertz’ experiments, Tesla decided to investigate radio waves more fully. It resulted in the discovery of the resonant transformer circuit, the machine which can produce high-voltage, low-current, high-frequency alternating-current electricity. Popularly known as “the Tesla coil” and commonly used in radio technology.
Experienced the huge defeat
In 1900 Tesla decided to realize his idea of wireless electricity for the whole world and started to work on the wireless broadcasting tower. It was a huge project, expected to turn the dreams of worldwide communication into action. But finally, financial troubles made Tesla give up his idea.
Gave his name to the famous company
The American energy company “Tesla” was named to honor this great scientist. Company co-founders Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning agreed on this name because without such of Nikola’s inventions as the induction motor and alternating-current power transmission the Tesla car wouldn’t become a reality.