“Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.”
Born : 384 BC, Stagira, Chalcidice, Northern Greece
Nationality : Greek
Father : Nicomachus, the physician
Died : 322 BC (aged 62) in Euboea, Greece, Macedonian Empire
7 Interesting Facts About Greek Philosopher Aristotle :
1. Plato‘s Pupil
-After Aristotle’s father passed away, Aristotle went to Plato’s Academy and stayed there for 20 years. From Plato, Aristotle adopted the genre of dialogue, and some of Plato’s ideas also had a great influence on him. Eventually, his view started to differ from Plato’s and even became the opposite.
2. Teacher of Alexander the great
-Alexander’s father, the king of Macedonia, personally asked Aristotle to teach his son. There is no the precise information about the process of teaching itself, but it’s known that Aristotle told his pupil to be “the leader of the Greeks and the master of foreigners”.
3. Founder of formal logic
-Aristotle’s logic doctrines is claimed to be the earliest ones. Now his ideas are the fundament of the modern formal logic. The researchers consider “Categories” and “Prior Analytics” (the part of the collection “Organon”) Aristotle’s most important works.
4. The first philosopher with such a wide field of activities
-It’s hard to find an area Aristotle hadn’t contributed to. He is known for his influence not only on the philosophy but also on the marine biology, poetics, politics, zoology, history, botany, metaphysics, theatre. This vast range of sciences he explored made him one of the most significant thinkers in history.
5. Founder of lyceum
-When Aristotle was 50 years old, he founded his own school named Lyceum. Lectures were open and free not only for Aristotle’s students (whom he called “peripatetics”) but for everyone. Now it’s considered to be the first research institute ever.
6. His Mission was even in his name
-The name of Aristotle means “‘the best purpose”. The variations as “superior” and “best of thinkers” are also quite illustrative. So, did the name determine his way of life or it was Aristotle himself who gave the meaning to his name?
7. “The Master of Those Who Knows” According to Dante
-Is this definition given by the famous Italian poet really appropriate? Considering how many arts and sciences Aristotle contributed to, it’s safe to say that Dante’s words are true, because even nowadays a lot of great minds refer to Aristotle in their works.